What Do You Mean By 1BHK, 2BHK, 2.5BHK, 1RK


What Do You Mean By 1BHK, 2BHK, 2.5BHK, 1RK


Aside from budget and location preferences, a home buyer must also decide on the property configuration – 1BHK, 2BHK, or 3BHK. Before that, one must first understand what a BHK is.

What does a BHK stand for?

BHK is an abbreviation for bedroom, hall, and kitchen. It is used to indicate the number of rooms in a building. A 2BHK, for example, indicates that the property has two bedrooms, one hall, and a kitchen. A 3BHK unit is one that has three bedrooms, a hall, and a single kitchen. Even if there are two bathrooms/toilets, sellers may or may not advertise it that way, but the number of bedrooms will always be mentioned.

In short,

1BHK is 1 bedroom, hall, kitchen

2BHK is 2 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

3BHK is 3 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

4BHK is 4 bedrooms, hall, kitchen

Even if the abbreviation does not include a ‘T’ as in a toilet space, all of these have both a bath and a toilet. Some sellers may advertise their property as a 3BHK+2T. The term ‘2T’ refers to two toilets. This is done to highlight the advantage of the extra space.

BHK usage

The abbreviation ‘BHK’ refers to the configuration of not only flats but also villas, independent homes, builder floor properties, and bungalows. The term ‘BHK’ is not applicable in the case of plots unless it is used to refer to future potential – for example, ‘You can build a 3BHK house on this plot.’

1 BHK unit

2 BHK unit

What are 0.5BHK, 1.5BHK and 2.5BHK?

Developers have been experimenting with popular formats among home buyers. A 0.5BHK may be sufficient for very small families or single professionals. It refers to a unit with a slightly smaller bedroom than a standard-sized bedroom, a bath/toilet, and a kitchen.

A 1.5BHK unit, on the other hand, has a standard-sized master bedroom and a smaller-sized bedroom that can be used as a bedroom, study room, library, servant room, or even a store room. Nowadays, 2.5BHK units are in high demand, particularly in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR). Mid-sized families with four to five members frequently prefer these because they provide the comfort of a three-bedroom house at a reasonable price.


2.5 BHK unit

Resale value of additional half-room properties

As previously stated, developers are experimenting with these extra ‘half-rooms.’ The reason for such experimentation is due to the high demand from home buyers. Naturally, more buyers are drawn to properties that are reasonably priced. Because 2BHK units are so popular, 1.5BHK and 2.5BHK units also attract buyers who do not want to pay more for a 3BHK. Half-rooms provide such home owners with the flexibility and extra space they require, and as a result, these units are in high demand even in the secondary market.

ALSO READ: What Is Carpet Area, Built-Up Area And Super Built-Up Area?

What is 1RK?

A 1RK unit is another option for those looking for small apartments. Popular in Maharashtra, 1RK refers to a unit with one room and a kitchen, as well as a bath/toilet space. As the abbreviation suggests, such a unit has overlooked the hall space.

1 RK unit

Buyers on a tight budget opt for this configuration. It is also beneficial for frequent travellers. Such people may not want to spend too much time in a hotel and may not want to invest too much money in property in a different city. A 1RK configuration is appropriate for such professionals.

What to know about the property’s size?

A 1BHK unit may appear larger than a regular 2BHK unit at times, or a 2BHK unit may be mistaken for a 3BHK or even renovated into a 3BHK unit. In short, some builders may package an 800-square-foot property as a 1BHK, while others may package a 2BHK in that space. Why are there such inconsistencies when it comes to the size of a property? This is due to the fact that there are no set rules for a standard-sized property, and localities or property markets may establish an unspoken rule governing the same.

For example, larger 2BHKs may be available in Hyderabad than in Mumbai. Size variations occur as a result of the availability of land in a specific region and the premium attached to a building in that space, the overall construction cost and the sale price, and so on.

Carpet area and built-up area

When discussing the size of the property, it is critical to understand the carpet area. The carpet area is the actual usable area in your home. It does not include the thickness of the inner walls or the space used to construct the lobby, elevator, stairs, play area, and so on. Built-up area, on the other hand, includes the carpet area as well as the area covered by the inner walls and the balcony.

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